org.jgrapht.alg.matching

Class PathGrowingWeightedMatching<V,E>

• Type Parameters:
V - the graph vertex type
E - the graph edge type
All Implemented Interfaces:
MatchingAlgorithm<V,E>

public class PathGrowingWeightedMatching<V,E>
extends Object
implements MatchingAlgorithm<V,E>
A linear time 1/2-approximation algorithm for finding a maximum weight matching in an arbitrary graph. Linear time here means O(m) where m is the cardinality of the edge set, even if the graph contains isolated vertices. 1/2-approximation means that for any graph instance, the algorithm computes a matching whose weight is at least half of the weight of a maximum weight matching. The implementation accepts directed and undirected graphs which may contain self-loops and multiple edges. There is no assumption on the edge weights, i.e. they can also be negative or zero.

The algorithm is due to Drake and Hougardy, described in detail in the following paper:

• D.E. Drake, S. Hougardy, A Simple Approximation Algorithm for the Weighted Matching Problem, Information Processing Letters 85, 211-213, 2003.

This particular implementation uses by default two additional heuristics discussed by the authors which also take linear time but improve the quality of the matchings. These heuristics can be disabled by calling the constructor PathGrowingWeightedMatching(Graph, boolean). Disabling the heuristics has the effect of fewer passes over the edge set of the input graph, probably at the expense of the total weight of the matching.

For a discussion on engineering approximate weighted matching algorithms see the following paper:

• Jens Maue and Peter Sanders. Engineering algorithms for approximate weighted matching. International Workshop on Experimental and Efficient Algorithms, Springer, 2007.
Since:
September 2016
Author:
Dimitrios Michail
GreedyWeightedMatching
• Field Detail

• DEFAULT_USE_HEURISTICS

public static final boolean DEFAULT_USE_HEURISTICS
Default value on whether to use extra heuristics to improve the result.
Constant Field Values
• Constructor Detail

• PathGrowingWeightedMatching

public PathGrowingWeightedMatching(Graph<V,E> graph)
Construct a new instance of the path growing algorithm. Floating point values are compared using MatchingAlgorithm.DEFAULT_EPSILON tolerance. By default two additional linear time heuristics are used in order to improve the quality of the matchings.
Parameters:
graph - the input graph
• PathGrowingWeightedMatching

public PathGrowingWeightedMatching(Graph<V,E> graph,
boolean useHeuristics)
Construct a new instance of the path growing algorithm. Floating point values are compared using MatchingAlgorithm.DEFAULT_EPSILON tolerance.
Parameters:
graph - the input graph
useHeuristics - if true an improved version with additional heuristics is executed. The running time remains linear but performs a few more passes over the input. While the approximation factor remains 1/2, in most cases the heuristics produce matchings of higher quality.
• PathGrowingWeightedMatching

public PathGrowingWeightedMatching(Graph<V,E> graph,
boolean useHeuristics,
double epsilon)
Construct a new instance of the path growing algorithm.
Parameters:
graph - the input graph
useHeuristics - if true an improved version with additional heuristics is executed. The running time remains linear but performs a few more passes over the input. While the approximation factor remains 1/2, in most cases the heuristics produce matchings of higher quality.
epsilon - tolerance when comparing floating point values